February 1995 through March 1997: research analyst for the Open Media Research Institute in Prague, covering Russian domestic politics and media issues for publications including the OMRI Daily Digest, the magazine Transition, and special election reports.
April 1997 through July 1998: regional specialist for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, covering Russian affairs for the daily electronic publication RFE/RL Newsline.
October 1999--March 2000: freelancer for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty writing special reports on the 1999 Russian parliamentary elections and the 2000 Russian presidential elections.
January 2001-September 2005: freelance contributor to electronic publications including RFE/RL Newsline and RFE/RL Russian Political Weekly.
(with Robert W. Orttung) The Russian Parliamentary Elections of 1995: The Battle for the Duma, Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1997.
Selected book chapters
"Politics and the Mass Media Under Putin," in Cameron Ross, ed., Russia Under Putin, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003.
"The Kremlin Strikes Back: The Reassertion of State Power Over the Russian Media," in Monroe E. Price, Andrei Richter and Peter K. Yu, eds., Russian Media Law and Policy in the Yeltsin Decade, The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2002.
"The Russian Media in the 1990s," in Rick Fawn and Stephen White, eds., Russia After Communism, London: Frank Cass, 2002.
"Political Bias and Self-Censorship in the Russian Media," in Archie Brown, ed., Contemporary Russian Politics: A Reader, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
(with Floriana Fossato and Anna Kachkaeva) "The Distorted Russian Media Market," in Peter Rutland, ed., Business and the State in Contemporary Russia, Boulder, CO: Westview, 2001.
"The Rise and Fall of Russia's NTV," Stanford Journal of International Law, vol. 38, no. 1, spring 2002.
"The Russian Media in the 1990s," Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, vol. 18, no. 2, summer 2002.
"Freedom of the Press in the Former Soviet Republics," from the 2003 edition of the Encyclopedia of International Media and Communications.
"The Yeltsin 'Family' Triumph," published in Transitions Online Annual Report 1999.
Thirteen issues of RFE/RL Russian Election Report covering the 1999 parliamentary election and the 2000 presidential election
Conference papers and presentations
"Putin and the Media," prepared for “Political Leadership, Political Institutions, and Political Culture in the Soviet Union and Russia,” a conference to mark the retirement of Professor Archie Brown, Oxford University, UK, June 2005.
"How the Authorities Shaped Media Coverage of the Second War in Chechnya," given at the convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, November 2002.
"Politics and the Mass Media under Putin," given at the "Russia under Putin" conference, Dundee, Scotland, May 2002.
"Russian Media Policy during the First and Second Chechen Campaigns," given at the Political Studies Association conference, Aberdeen, Scotland, April 2002. (available online here)
"The Reassertion of State Power Over the Russian Media," given at a one-day workshop in Vienna, Austria, organized by the Renner-Institut and the Austrian Institute for International Affairs, December 2001.
"The Russian Media in the 1990s," given at the 10th annual conference of the University of St Andrews' Centre for Russian, Soviet, and Central and East European Studies, St Andrews, Scotland, March 2001.
"Political Bias and Self-Censorship in the Russian Media," given at a seminar organized by the Russian Centre, St. Antony's College, Oxford, October 2000.
"The Media and the Elections of 1999 and 2000 in Russia," given at the Sixth World Congress of the ICCEES, Tampere, Finland, July 2000.
"Russian Economic Policy: A New Cast of Characters," given at a conference organized by PlanEcon, Inc., Paris, France, May 2000.
"Coping with Kremlin Spin and Other Hazards of Reporting on Russia," given at the convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, Boca Raton, Florida, September 1998.
"Politicization and Self-Censorship in the Russian Media," given at the convention of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, Seattle, Washington, November 1997.
"Issues and Strategies during the 1995 Parliamentary Campaign," seminar presentation delivered at the Russian Research Center, Harvard University, April 1996.