A record number of Americans and Iowans passed away over the last year. The COVID-19 pandemic caused the largest share of the excess deaths and indirectly contributed to many fatalities from other causes (such as heart attacks or strokes).
Writing in the Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics, Rachel Kidman, Rachel Margolis, and Emily Smith-Greenaway estimated that as of February 2021, approximately 37,300 children in the U.S. under age 18 “had lost at least 1 parent due to COVID-19, three-quarters of whom were adolescents.” Using figures for excess deaths during the pandemic (as opposed to confirmed coronavirus fatalities), the researchers estimated that 43,000 children in the U.S. have lost a parent to the virus. Their study used demographic modeling techniques as opposed to survey data.
The Iowa Department of Public Health’s spokesperson did not respond to Bleeding Heartland’s inquiry in early April about whether the agency has tracked how many Iowans who died of COVID-19 had children under age 18 or dependent adult children living in their home, and how many Iowans who died in the pandemic were primary caregivers to children (but not their parents).
Even without firm numbers, it’s clear that far more people than usual are experiencing their first Mother’s Day without their own mothers. This holiday can be one of the toughest milestones soon after a bereavement, and even many years later.
A little more than 300 Iowans had died of COVID-19 as of Mother’s Day 2020. The official death toll now stands at 5,984, but the real number surely exceeds 6,000. It usually takes weeks and sometimes months for coronavirus deaths to be added to Iowa’s website.
According to the demographics page of Willette’s essential Iowa COVID-19 Tracker website, 49 of the Iowans who died were between the ages of 18 and 40, 374 were between 41 and 60, 2,068 were between 61 and 80, and 3,489 were over age 80.
We don’t have a breakdown of how many men and women in each of those age bands have died. The novel coronavirus is more deadly for men, who account for more fatalities even though more women have tested positive. But the majority of American women over age 30 have children, including roughly 85 percent of those over age 40. So even a few dozen deaths of women in their 30s, 40s, and 50s would leave some children without their mothers.
Copying the demographic modeling approach published in JAMA Pediatrics (multiplying the total confirmed COVID-19 deaths by 0.078) produces an estimate of 467 Iowa children under age 18 who have lost a parent–not necessarily a mother–to the pandemic.
Many more Iowa adults have lost their mothers this past year, which is often a devastating life event. The emotional bond with a parent lasts much longer than the time when children are physically or financially dependent on their mother’s care.
Journalists have profiled many of these lost mothers. Articles from the “Iowa Mourns” collaboration told the life stories of Seretha Quinn, Michele Recanati, Cherie Dandurand, Jeannette Green, Emma Lohmann, Phyllis Morrison, Eleanor Moody Pettit, Janice McNelly, Joan Bauer, Ruth Klotz, Terry Wood, Mary Ann Otte, Mary “Kitty” Rolfes, Norma Jean Perry, Barbara Sherman, Lola Nelson, Marilyn Elizabeth Prouty, and Regina Thiry.
COVID-19 has also left an unknown number of mothers without their beloved children. Although the virus rarely causes severe complications in young patients, three children under age 5 have passed away in Iowa. Many more parents are grieving their children who died of COVID-19 as young or middle-aged adults. The passing of an adult child can be a tremendous blow to a parent, which is not always acknowledged in our society.
The stress of grieving has been documented to affect the body as well as the brain. If this Mother’s Day brings more sadness than happiness, be kind to yourself.
Top image: Mother’s memorial grave marker in white marble, photographed by “Crowing Hen” and available via Shutterstock.