Two provisions of the Patriot Act and one other legal provision granting surveillance powers expired on Sunday night, as the U.S. Senate failed to pass either a short-term Patriot Act extension or the House-approved USA Freedom Act, which would revise parts of that law. Jamie Dupree wrote a good overview of the key points of contention, including the National Security Agency's bulk data collection practices. Julian Hattem previews the next likely steps in the Senate and House (assuming the Senate approves an amended version of the USA Freedom Act this week). Carl Hulse analyzed the "lose-lose-lose result" for Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, who prefers not to curtail NSA surveillance powers but arguably "overplayed his hand."
How Congress will resolve this dispute remains unclear, but we have learned one thing from the last ten days: Iowa's Senators Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst oppose the current bipartisan compromise on how to revise the Patriot Act. For Ernst, the expiring Patriot Act provisions "are critical to the safety and security of our country"--a view similar to Representative Steve King's reasons for voting against "data disarmament" when the House considered the USA Freedom Act.
In Grassley's more nuanced view, Congress should enact "meaningful reform by ending the NSA's bulk collection of Americans' telephone records under Section 215" of the Patriot Act, while allowing the government to gather such information in a targeted way. Grassley also objects to how the USA Freedom Act would reform the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.
Details on the relevant Senate votes are after the jump, along with statements from Grassley and Ernst. I've also noted which Republican senators who are running for president supported either the USA Freedom Act or a short-term Patriot Act extension.
UPDATE: Grassley and Ernst split on June 2 as the Senate passed the USA Freedom Act. Details on their votes are below, along with their explanations. While Iowa's two Republican senators have voted differently on a handful of amendments or motions related to consideration of other bills, today's votes represent their first major policy disagreement since Ernst was sworn in.
Scroll to the end of this post for details on how the GOP presidential candidates voted today.Continue Reading...